Several years ago I decided to combine all 4 gospel accounts of Jesus' last week into one chronological narrative that did not leave out any of the details from any of the eyewitnesses. I originally color-coded the texts, green for Matthew, red for Mark, blue for Luke, purple for John and orange for Acts. However, this website does not have the ability to keep the color-coding, therefore, Matthew will be normal text, Mark bold text, Luke underlined, John italics and Acts underlined italics. I have also included verse references. Bold references are Old Testament texts that are quoted in the gospels. Normal text references are prophecy fulfillments and date references.
47 Then the chief priests and the Pharisees called a meeting of the Sanhedrin. "What are we accomplishing?" they asked. "Here is this man performing many miraculous signs. 48 If we let him go on like this, everyone will believe in him, and then the Romans will come and take away both our place and our nation." (70 A.D.)
49 Then one of them, named Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, spoke up, "You know nothing at all! 50 You do not realize that it is better for you that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish." (Ge. 22:8; Jn. 1:29) 51 He did not say this on his own, but as high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the Jewish nation, 52 and not only for that nation but also for the scattered children of God, to bring them together and make them one. 53 So from that day on they plotted to take his life. (Ps. 2:1-2; 31:13; 71:10; Pr. 29:10; Jer. 11:19)
54 Therefore Jesus no longer moved about publicly among the Jews. Instead he withdrew to a region near the desert, to a village called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples.
55 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, many went up from the country to Jerusalem for their ceremonial cleansing before the Passover. 56 They kept looking for Jesus, and as they stood in the temple area they asked one another, "What do you think? Isn't he coming to the Feast at all?" 57 But the chief priests and Pharisees had given orders that if anyone found out where Jesus was, he should report it so that they might arrest him.
1 Six days before the Passover (Thu., Nisan 8), Jesus arrived at Bethany, where Lazarus lived, whom Jesus had raised from the dead. 6 While Jesus was in Bethany (Fri., Nisan 9) 2 a dinner was given in Jesus' honor in the home of a man known as Simon the Leper. Martha served, while Lazarus was among those reclining at the table with him. 3 Then Mary came with an alabaster jar of very expensive perfume, about a pint of pure nard. She broke the jar and poured the perfume on his head, on Jesus' feet and wiped his feet with her hair. (Isa. 52:7) And the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.
8 When the disciples saw this, they were indignant. "Why this waste?" they asked. 4 But one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, who was later to betray him, objected, 5 "Why wasn't this perfume sold and the money given to the poor? It was worth a year's wages." 6 He did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it. (Ps. 112:5-10; Pr. 11:6; Ezek. 33:31) 5 And they rebuked her harshly.
10 Aware of this, Jesus said to them, 6 "Leave her alone. Why are you bothering her? She has done a beautiful thing to me. 7 The poor you will always have with you (Dt. 15:11), and you can help them any time you want. But you will not always have me. 8 She did what she could. She poured perfume on my body beforehand to prepare for my burial. 9 I tell you the truth, wherever the gospel is preached throughout the world, what she has done will also be told, in memory of her." (Pr. 11:16)
9 Meanwhile a large crowd of Jews found out that Jesus was there and came, not only because of him but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead. 10 So the chief priests made plans to kill Lazarus as well, 11 for on account of him many of the Jews were going over to Jesus and putting their faith in him.
12 The next day (after sunset Sat., beginning of Nisan 11) the great crowd that had come for the Feast heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem. (Dt. 16:5-6; Mt. 16:21; 20:18; Lk. 13:33) 1 As they approached Jerusalem and came to Bethphage 1 and Bethany at the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, "Go to the village ahead of you, 2 and just as you enter it, you will find a donkey tied there, with her colt by her, which no one has ever ridden. Untie them and bring them to me. 31 If anyone asks you, 'Why are you untying it?' tell him, 'The Lord needs it 3 and will send it back here shortly.'"
4 This took place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet:
5 "Say to the Daughter of Zion,
'See, your king comes to you,
gentle and riding on a donkey,
on a colt, the foal of a donkey.'" (Zec. 9:9; Dan. 9:25)
6 The disciples went and did as Jesus had instructed them. 4 They found a colt outside in the street, tied at a doorway. 33 As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, "Why are you untying the colt?"
6 They answered as Jesus had told them to, and the people let them go. 7 They brought the donkey and the colt 35 to Jesus, threw their cloaks on the colt and Jesus sat on them. 36 As he went along, 8 a very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road (2Ki. 9:13), while others cut branches from the trees 8 in the fields and spread them on the road. 37 When he came near the place where the road goes down the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of disciples began joyfully to praise God in loud voices for all the miracles they had seen. 9 The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed 13 took palm branches and went out to meet him (Lev. 23:40; Ps. 118:27), shouting, "Hosanna!"
"Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" (Ps. 118:25-26)
"Blessed is the King of Israel!"
"Hosanna to the Son of David!"
"Hosanna in the highest!"
10 "Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David!"
38 "Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!"
"Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Jesus, "Teacher, rebuke your disciples!"
40 "I tell you," he replied, "if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out." (Hab. 2:11)
16 At first his disciples did not understand all this. Only after Jesus was glorified did they realize that these things had been written about him and that they had done these things to him. (Dan. 9:25; Isa. 59:20; 62:10-11)
41 As he approached Jerusalem and saw the city, he wept over it 42 and said, "If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace — but now it is hidden from your eyes. 43 The days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side. 44 They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of God's coming to you." (Lev. 26:14-46; Dt. 28:59-68; Isa. 5:5-7; 65:12; Dan. 9:26; 70 A.D.)
10 When Jesus entered Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred and asked, "Who is this?"
11 The crowds answered, "This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee." (Dt. 18:18)
17 Now the crowd that was with him when he called Lazarus from the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to spread the word. 18 Many people, because they had heard that he had given this miraculous sign, went out to meet him. 19 So the Pharisees said to one another, "See, this is getting us nowhere. Look how the whole world has gone after him!" (Isa. 11:10; 42:6; 49:6; 55:4-5; Zec. 8:20-22)
20 Now there were some Greeks among those who went up to worship at the Feast. 21 They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. "Sir," they said, "we would like to see Jesus." 22 Philip went to tell Andrew; Andrew and Philip in turn told Jesus.
23 Jesus replied, "The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. 24 I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. 25 The man who loves his life will lose it, while the man who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life. 26 Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I am, my servant also will be. My Father will honor the one who serves me.
27 "Now my heart is troubled, and what shall I say? 'Father, save me from this hour'? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour. 28 Father, glorify your name!"
Then a voice came from heaven, "I have glorified it, and will glorify it again." 29 The crowd that was there and heard it said it had thundered; others said an angel had spoken to him.
30 Jesus said, "This voice was for your benefit, not mine. 31 Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be driven out. 32 But I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself." (Isa. 11:10) 33 He said this to show the kind of death he was going to die.
34 The crowd spoke up, "We have heard from the Law that the Christ will remain forever (Ps. 110:4; Isa. 9:6-7; Eze. 37:25), so how can you say, 'The Son of Man must be lifted up'? Who is this 'Son of Man'?" (Ps. 2:7; Dan. 7:13-14)
35 Then Jesus told them, "You are going to have the light just a little while longer. Walk while you have the light, before darkness overtakes you. The man who walks in the dark does not know where he is going. 36 Put your trust in the light while you have it, so that you may become sons of light."
11 Jesus entered Jerusalem and went to the temple. He looked around at everything, but since it was already late (evening Sat., Nisan 11), he went out to Bethany with the Twelve.
18 Early in the morning, 12 the next day (Sun., Nisan 11) as they were leaving Bethany on his way back to the city, Jesus was hungry. 13 Seeing in the distance a fig tree in leaf, he went to find out if it had any fruit. When he reached it, he found nothing but leaves, because it was not the season for figs. 14 Then he said to the tree, "May no one ever eat fruit from you again." And his disciples heard him say it. 19 Immediately the tree withered. (Jer. 8:13)
15 On reaching Jerusalem, 12 Jesus entered the temple (Mal. 3:1) area and drove out all who were buying and selling there. (2Ch. 29:5) He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves, 16 and would not allow anyone to carry merchandise through the temple courts. (Lev. 19:30; Ps. 69:9) 17 And as he taught them, he said, "Is it not written:
"'My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations'? (Isa. 56:7)
But you have made it 'a den of robbers.'" (Jer. 7:11)
47 Every day he was teaching at the temple. 14 The blind and the lame came to him at the temple, and he healed them. (Ex. 4:11-12; Ps. 146:8; Isa. 29:18; 35:5-6; 42:7, 16, 18)15 But when the chief priests and the teachers of the law saw the wonderful things he did and the children shouting in the temple area, "Hosanna to the Son of David," (Ps. 118:26) they were indignant.
16 "Do you hear what these children are saying?" they asked him.
"Yes," replied Jesus, "have you never read,
"'From the lips of children and infants you have ordained praise'?" (Ps. 8:2)
18 The chief priests and the teachers of the law heard this and began looking for a way to kill him, for they feared him, because the whole crowd was amazed at his teaching. 48 Yet they could not find any way to do it, because all the people hung on his words.
19 When evening came (Sun., now Nisan 12), they went out of the city 17 to Bethany, where he spent the night.
20 In the morning (Mon., Nisan 12), as they went along, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots. (Jer. 8:13) 21 Peter remembered and said to Jesus, "Rabbi, look! The fig tree you cursed has withered!"
20 When the disciples saw this, they were amazed. "How did the fig tree wither so quickly?" they asked.
22 "Have faith in God," Jesus answered. 21 "I tell you the truth, if you have faith and do not doubt 23 in [your] heart but believe that what [you] say will happen, not only can you do what was done to the fig tree, but also you can say to this mountain, 'Go, throw yourself into the sea,' and it will be done. 24 Therefore I tell you, whatever you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours. 25 And when you stand praying, if you hold anything against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven may forgive you your sins. 26 But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father who is in heaven forgive your sins."
27 They arrived again in Jerusalem (Mon., Nisan 12), and while Jesus was walking in the temple courts, 1 teaching the people and preaching the gospel, the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders came to him. 28 "By what authority are you doing these things?" they asked. "And who gave you authority to do this?"
24 Jesus replied, "I will also ask you one question. If you answer me, I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things. 25 John's baptism — where did it come from? Was it from heaven, or from men?"
5 They discussed it among themselves and said, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will ask, 'Why didn't you believe him?' 6 But if we say, 'From men,' 26 -we are afraid all the people will stone us, because they are persuaded that John was a prophet."
27 So they answered Jesus, "We don't know." (Ps. 64:8; Jer. 8:7-9; Hos. 4:6; Mal. 2:8-9)
Then he said, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.
28 "What do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first and said, 'Son, go and work today in the vineyard.'
29 "'I will not,' he answered, but later he changed his mind and went.
30 "Then the father went to the other son and said the same thing. He answered, 'I will, sir,' but he did not go.
31 "Which of the two did what his father wanted?"
"The first," they answered. (Eze. 18:28-32; 33:11-16)
Jesus said to them, "I tell you the truth, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you. (Isa. 55:6-7) 32 For John came to you to show you the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes did. And even after you saw this, you did not repent and believe him. (Zec. 7:11-12)
33 "Listen to another parable: There was a landowner who planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a winepress in it and built a watchtower. Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and went away on a journey 9 for a long time. (Isa. 5:1-4)
10 “At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants so they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. 3 But they seized him, beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 4 Then he sent another servant to them; they struck this man on the head and treated him shamefully 11 and sent [him] away empty-handed. 12 He sent still a third, and they 35 stoned him and threw him out. 5 He sent still another and that one they killed. He sent many others; some of them they beat; others they killed.
37 Last of all, he sent his son, 6 whom he loved, to them. 'They will respect my son,' he said.
38 "But when the tenants saw the son, they said to each other, 'This is the heir. Come, let's kill him and take his inheritance.' 39 So they took him and threw him out of the vineyard and killed him.
40 "Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants? 16 He will come and kill those tenants and give the vineyard to others."
When the people heard this, they said, "May this never be!" (Isa. 5:5-7; 70 A.D.)
42 Jesus said to them, "Have you never read in the Scriptures:
"'The stone the builders rejected
has become the capstone;
the Lord has done this,
and it is marvelous in our eyes'? (Ps. 118:22-23)
43 "Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit. (Isa. 11:10; 42:6; 49:6; Zec. 8:20-23) 44 He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed." (Isa. 8:14-15)
1 Jesus spoke to them again in parables, saying: 2 "The kingdom of heaven is like a king who prepared a wedding banquet for his son. (Isa. 25:6; Rev. 19:7-9)3 He sent his servants to those who had been invited to the banquet to tell them to come, but they refused to come.
4 "Then he sent some more servants and said, 'Tell those who have been invited that I have prepared my dinner: My oxen and fattened cattle have been butchered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding banquet.'
5 "But they paid no attention and went off — one to his field, another to his business. 6 The rest seized his servants, mistreated them and killed them. 7 The king was enraged. He sent his army and destroyed those murderers and burned their city. (Isa. 65:12; Dan. 9:26; Zec. 14:2; 70 A.D.)
8 "Then he said to his servants, 'The wedding banquet is ready, but those I invited did not deserve to come. 9 Go to the street corners and invite to the banquet anyone you find.' 10 So the servants went out into the streets and gathered all the people they could find, both good and bad, and the wedding hall was filled with guests. (Pr. 9:1-6; Isa. 55:1-3; Mic. 4:6-7)
11 "But when the king came in to see the guests, he noticed a man there who was not wearing wedding clothes. 12 'Friend,' he asked, 'how did you get in here without wedding clothes?' The man was speechless. (Isa. 61:10; Zec. 3:3-5; Rev. 19:8)
13 "Then the king told the attendants, 'Tie him hand and foot, and throw him outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.' (Zep. 1:12)
14 "For many are invited, but few are chosen.”
15 Then the Pharisees went out and laid plans to trap him in his words. 20 Keeping a close watch on him, 16 they sent their disciples, to him along with the Herodians, who pretended to be honest. They hoped to catch Jesus in something he said so that they might hand him over to the power and authority of the governor. 21 So the spies questioned him: "Teacher," they said, "we know you are a man of integrity and that you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. (Mal. 2:6) You aren't swayed by men, because you pay no attention to who they are. (Job 32:21) 17 Tell us then, what is your opinion? Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"
18 But Jesus, 23 saw through their duplicity and knowing their evil intent, said, "You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me? 19 Show me the coin used for paying the tax." They brought him a denarius, 20 and he asked them, "Whose portrait is this? And whose inscription?"
21 "Caesar's," they replied.
Then he said to them, "Give to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's." (Lev. 27:30; Mal. 3:8-10)
26 They were unable to trap him in what he had said there in public. And astonished by his answer, they became silent. (Job 32:15) 22 So they left him and went away.
23 That same day (Mon., Nisan 12) the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to him with a question. 24 "Teacher," they said, "Moses told us that if a man dies without having children, his brother must marry the widow and have children for him. (Dt. 25:5-10) 25 Now there were seven brothers among us. The first one married and died, and since he had no children, he left his wife to his brother. 26 The same thing happened to the second and third brother, right on down to the seventh. 27 Finally, the woman died. 28 Now then, at the resurrection, whose wife will she be of the seven, since all of them were married to her?"
29 Jesus replied, "You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God. (Job 19:25-27; Ps. 16:9-10; 49:15; Isa. 25:7-8; 26:19; Jer. 32:17, 27; Dan. 12:2-3; Hos. 13:14) 34 "The people of this age marry and are given in marriage. 35 But those who are considered worthy of taking part in that age and in the resurrection from the dead will neither marry nor be given in marriage, 36 and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. They are God's children, since they are children of the resurrection. 31 But about the resurrection of the dead — have you not read (Zec. 7:12) 26 in the book of Moses, in the account of the bush, what God said to you, 32 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? (Ex. 3:6) He is not the God of the dead but of the living, 38 for to him all are alive. 27 You are badly mistaken!"
33 When the crowds heard this, they were astonished at his teaching. 39 Some of the teachers of the law responded, "Well said, teacher!"
34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees (Job 32:15), the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, 28 came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he tested him with this question: 36 "Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?"
29 "The most important one," answered Jesus, "is this: 'Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.' (Dt. 6:5) 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. 39 And the second is like it: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.' (Lev. 19:18) 40 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments. There is no commandment greater than these." (Ex. 20:1-17; Mic. 6:8)
32 "Well said, teacher," the man replied. "You are right in saying that God is one and there is no other but him. 33 To love him with all your heart, with all your understanding and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself is more important than all burnt offerings and sacrifices."
34 When Jesus saw that he had answered wisely, he said to him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God."
41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus, 35 teaching in the temple courts, asked them, 42 "What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?"
"The son of David," they replied.
43 He said to them, "How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him 'Lord'? For he 42 declares in the Book of Psalms:
44 "'The Lord said to my Lord:
"Sit at my right hand
until I put your enemies
under your feet."' (Ps. 110:1)
45 If then David calls him 'Lord,' how can he be his son?" 46 No one could say a word in reply, and from that day on no one dared to ask him any more questions. (Job 32:15; Ps. 64:8; Jer. 8:7-8; Hos. 4:6; Mal. 2:8-9) 37 The large crowd listened to him with delight.
23:1 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples: 46 "Beware of the teachers of the law. (Hos. 4:6; Mal. 2:8-9) 2 The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat. 3 So you must obey them and do everything they tell you. (Ex.18:19-20; Dt.17:9-12) But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach. 4 They tie up heavy loads and put them on men's shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to lift a finger to move them. (Dt. 4:2; Isa. 10:1; Zec. 11:16-17)
5 "Everything they do is done for men to see: They like to walk around in flowing robes. They make their phylacteries wide and the tassels on their garments long; 6 they love the place of honor at banquets and the most important seats in the synagogues; 7 they love to be greeted in the marketplaces and to have men call them 'Rabbi.'
8 "But you are not to be called 'Rabbi,' for you have only one Master and you are all brothers. 9 And do not call anyone on earth 'father,' for you have one Father, and he is in heaven. 10 Nor are you to be called 'teacher,' for you have one Teacher, the Christ. 11 The greatest among you will be your servant. 12 For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. (Pr. 16:18-20; 29:23)
13 "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! (Isa. 58:1; Jer. 23:1; Eze. 34:2; Hos. 7:13) You shut the kingdom of heaven in men's faces. You yourselves do not enter, nor will you let those enter who are trying to.
14 Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You devour widows' houses (Isa. 5:8; 10:1-2) and for a show make lengthy prayers. Therefore you will be punished more severely.
15 "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You travel over land and sea to win a single convert, and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much a son of hell as you are.
16 "Woe to you, blind guides! (Isa. 9:16; 56:10-11) You say, 'If anyone swears by the temple, it means nothing; but if anyone swears by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath.' 17 You blind fools! Which is greater: the gold, or the temple that makes the gold sacred? (Ex. 30:26-29) 18 You also say, 'If anyone swears by the altar, it means nothing; but if anyone swears by the gift on it, he is bound by his oath.' 19 You blind men! Which is greater: the gift, or the altar that makes the gift sacred? (Ex. 29:37) 20 Therefore, he who swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. 21 And he who swears by the temple swears by it and by the one who dwells in it. 22 And he who swears by heaven swears by God's throne and by the one who sits on it. (Dt. 6:13; Nu. 30:2)
23 "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices — mint, dill and cumin. (Lev. 27:30; Mal. 3:8-10) But you have neglected the more important matters of the law — justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former. (Pr. 21:3; Isa.1:11-17; Hos. 6:6; Mic. 6:6-8) 24 You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel.
25 "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. 26 Blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and dish, and then the outside also will be clean. (Jer. 4:14)
27 "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of dead men's bones and everything unclean. 28 In the same way, on the outside you appear to people as righteous but on the inside you are full of hypocrisy and wickedness. (Eze. 24:13)
29 "Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You build tombs for the prophets and decorate the graves of the righteous. 30 And you say, 'If we had lived in the days of our forefathers, we would not have taken part with them in shedding the blood of the prophets.' 31 So you testify against yourselves (Job 15:6) that you are the descendants of those who murdered the prophets. 32 Fill up, then, the measure of the sin of your forefathers! (Jer. 7:26)
33 "You snakes! You brood of vipers! How will you escape being condemned to hell? 34 Therefore I am sending you prophets and wise men and teachers. (Ps. 68:11) Some of them you will kill and crucify; others you will flog in your synagogues and pursue from town to town. (Isa. 59:7) 35 And so upon you will come all the righteous blood that has been shed on earth (Gen. 9:5-6; Nu. 35:33; Jer. 26:15; Eze. 22:2-4; 24:6-8), from the blood of righteous Abel (Gen. 4:8) to the blood of Zechariah son of Berekiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. (Zec. 1:1; 2Chr. 24:21) 36 I tell you the truth, all this will come upon this generation. (Jer. 7:29; Eze. 12:25-28; 70 A.D.)
37 "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you, how often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing. (Isa. 65:2; Jer. 7:13; Eze. 24:13; Hos. 7:13) 38 Look, your house is left to you desolate. (Ps. 69:25; Isa. 5:9; Jer. 6:8) 39 For I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, 'Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.'" (Ps. 118:26; Hos. 3:4-5; Zec. 12:10)
36 When he had finished speaking, Jesus left and hid himself from them.
37 Even after Jesus had done all these miraculous signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him. 38 This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet:
"Lord, who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?" (Isa. 53:1)
39 For this reason they could not believe, because, as Isaiah says elsewhere:
40 "He has blinded their eyes and deadened their hearts,
so they can neither see with their eyes,
nor understand with their hearts,
nor turn — and I would heal them." (Isa. 6:10)
41 Isaiah said this because he saw Jesus' glory and spoke about him. (Isa. 6:1-4)
42 Yet at the same time many even among the leaders believed in him. But because of the Pharisees they would not confess their faith for fear they would be put out of the synagogue; 43 for they loved praise from men more than praise from God.
44 Then Jesus cried out, "When a man believes in me, he does not believe in me only, but in the one who sent me. 45 When he looks at me, he sees the one who sent me. 46 I have come into the world as a light, so that no one who believes in me should stay in darkness. (Isa. 9:1-2; 42:6; 49:6; Jn. 8:12; 9:5)
47 "As for the person who hears my words but does not keep them, I do not judge him. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save it. 48 There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; that very word which I spoke will condemn him at the last day. 49 For I did not speak of my own accord, but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and how to say it. 50 I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say." (Dt. 18:18; Jn. 7:16; 8:28)
41 Jesus sat down opposite the place where the offerings were put and watched the crowd putting their money into the temple treasury. Many rich people threw in large amounts. 42 But a poor widow came and put in two very small copper coins, worth only a fraction of a penny.
43 Calling his disciples to him, Jesus said, "I tell you the truth, this poor widow has put more into the treasury than all the others. 44 They all gave out of their wealth; but she, out of her poverty, put in everything — all she had to live on." (1Ki. 17:9-24; Mal. 3:10)
1 Jesus left the temple and was walking away when his disciples came up to him to call his attention to its buildings, 5 remarking about how the temple was adorned with beautiful stones and with gifts dedicated to God. 2 "Do you see all these great buildings?" replied Jesus. 2 "I tell you the truth, 6 the time will come when not one stone will be left on another; every one of them will be thrown down." (Dan. 9:26; 2Ch. 7:20-21; Jer. 7:13-15; Lam. 2; Zec. 14:2; 70 A.D.)
3 As Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John and Andrew asked him privately, 7 "Teacher, 3 tell us, when will this happen, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?" (Dan. 12:6-12; 1Th. 5:1-3; 2Th. 2:1-4)
4 Jesus answered: "Watch out that no one deceives you. (Jer. 14:14; 29:8) 5 For many will come in my name, claiming, 'I am the Christ,' 8 and, 'The time is near,' and will deceive many. Do not follow them. (Rv. 6:2; 13:1-18) 7 When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed. (Job 5:19-23; Ps. 91:5-8; Jer. 51:46; Eze. 7:26; 21:9-12) 7 Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. (Rv. 6:4; Isa. 19:2) 9 These things must happen first, but the end will not come right away. 11 There will be great earthquakes (Rv. 6:12; Isa. 24:19-20), famines (Rv. 6:5-6) and pestilences in various places (Rv. 6:8; Eze. 14:21), and fearful events and great signs from heaven. (Rv. 6:12-14) 8 All these are the beginning of birth pains. (Jer. 6:24; 1Th. 5:3)
9 “You must be on your guard. You will be handed over to the local councils 9 to be persecuted, flogged in the synagogues, 12 delivered to prisons, and put to death. (Rv. 6:9-11; Dan. 7:21, 25) On account of me you will stand before governors and kings as witnesses to them. 11 Whenever you are arrested and brought to trial, do not worry 14 beforehand how you will defend yourselves. Just say whatever is given you at the time, for it is not you speaking, but the Holy Spirit. 15 For I will give you words and wisdom that none of your adversaries will be able to resist or contradict.
10 At that time many will turn away from the faith and will betray and hate each other. 16 You will be betrayed even by relatives and friends. 12 Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death. (Jer. 12:6; Mic. 7:5-6) 17 All men will hate you because of me. (Rev. 6:9) 11 And many false prophets will appear and deceive many people. (Rv. 13:11-18; Dt. 13:1-3; 2Th. 2:9-11; 2Pt. 2:1-3; 1Jn. 2:18) 12 Because of the increase of wickedness, the love of most will grow cold, (1Tim. 4:1; 2Tim. 3:1-4; 4:3-4; Rv. 2:4-5) 13 but he who stands firm to the end will be saved—18 not a hair of your head will perish. 19 By standing firm you will gain life. (Ps. 91:9-16) 14 And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come. (Rv. 14:6)
20 "When you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, you will know that its desolation is near. (Eze. 38-39; Zec. 14:2) 15 So when you see standing in the holy place 'the abomination that causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel (Dan. 9:27; 11:31; 12:11)— let the reader understand—16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 17 Let no one on the roof of his house go down to take anything out of the house. 18 Let no one in the field go back to get his cloak. 21 Let those in the city get out, and let those in the country not enter the city. 19 How dreadful it will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers! 20 Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath. 22 For this is the time of punishment in fulfillment of all that has been written. (Lev. 26:14-33; Dt. 28:15-68; Ps. 69:22-28; Isa. 34:8; 61:2; 65:12; Jer. 51:6; Dan. 9:26-27; Ro. 2:5; 2Pt. 3:7) 21 For then there will be great distress 23 in the land and wrath against this people, unequaled from the beginning, 19 when God created the world, until now — and never to be equaled again. (Jer. 30:7; Dan. 12:1; Joel 2:1-2) 24 They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. 20 If the Lord had not cut short those days, no one would survive. But for the sake of the elect, whom he has chosen, he has shortened them. (Isa. 6:13; 65:8-9; Eze. 12:16; Zec. 13:8-9; 14:2)
23 “At that time if anyone says to you, 'Look, here is the Christ!' or, 'There he is!' do not believe it. 24 For false Christs and false prophets will appear and perform great signs and miracles to deceive even the elect — if that were possible. (2Th. 2:9-12; Rv. 13:13-18; 16:14; 19:20) 25 See, I have told you ahead of time. (Isa. 44:7-8; 46:10-11; 48:5) 23 So be on your guard. 26 So if anyone tells you, 'There he is, out in the desert,' do not go out; or, 'Here he is, in the inner rooms,' do not believe it. 27 For as lightning that comes from the east is visible even in the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 28 Wherever there is a carcass, there the vultures will gather. (Dt. 28:49; Hos. 8:1; Rv. 8:13)
29 "Immediately after the distress of those days, "'the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.' (Isa. 13:10; 34:4; Eze. 32:7-8; Joel 2:10, 30-31; 3:15-16; Am. 5:20; 8:9; Ac. 2:19-20; 2Pt. 3:10; Rv. 6:12-14) 25 On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea. 26 Men will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world. (Rv. 6:15-17)
30 "At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory. (Dan. 7:13; Zec. 9:14; Mal. 3:2; Mt. 16:27; 24:27; 26:64; 1Th. 4:16; Rv. 1:7; 14:14) 31 And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other. (Dan. 12:1-2; Zec. 9:14; Mt. 13:30, 39, 49; 1Co. 15:52; 1Th. 4:16-17; Rv. 14:15-16) 28 When these things begin to take place, stand up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is drawing near.
32 "Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its twigs get tender and its leaves come out, you know that summer is near. 31 Even so, when you see these things happening, you know that the kingdom of God is near, 33 right at the door. 34 I tell you the truth, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened. (Jer. 7:29; Eze. 12:21-25) 35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. (Nu. 23:19; Ps. 89:34; 119:89; Isa. 40:8)
34 "Be careful, or your hearts will be weighed down with dissipation, drunkenness and the anxieties of life, and that day will close on you unexpectedly like a trap. 3
For it will come upon all those who live on the face of the whole earth. 36 Be always on the watch, and pray that you may be able to escape all that is about to happen, and that you may be able to stand before the Son of Man."
36 "No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. (Zec. 14:7) 37 As it was in the days of Noah (Gen. 6-7; 2Pt. 3:6-7), so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 38 For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; 39 and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 40 Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left.
42 "Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come. 43 But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what time of night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and would not have let his house be broken into. 44 So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him.
33 Be on guard! Be alert! You do not know when that time will come. 34 It's like a man going away: He leaves his house and puts his servants in charge, each with his assigned task, and tells the one at the door to keep watch. 46 It will be good for that servant whose master finds him doing so when he returns. 47 I tell you the truth, he will put him in charge of all his possessions. (Ps. 62:12; Jer. 17:10; 32:19; Dan. 7:9-10; Rv. 20:4, 11-13)48 But suppose that servant is wicked and says to himself, 'My master is staying away a long time,' 49 and he then begins to beat his fellow servants and to eat and drink with drunkards. 50 The master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he is not aware of. 51 He will cut him to pieces and assign him a place with the hypocrites, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. (Ps. 21:9) 35 Therefore keep watch because you do not know when the owner of the house will come back — whether in the evening, or at midnight, or when the rooster crows, or at dawn. 36 If he comes suddenly, do not let him find you sleeping. 37 What I say to you, I say to everyone: 'Watch!'"
37 Each day Jesus was teaching at the temple, and each evening he went out to spend the night on the hill called the Mount of Olives, 38 and all the people came early in the morning to hear him at the temple.
1 "At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were foolish and five were wise. 3 The foolish ones took their lamps but did not take any oil with them. 4 The wise, however, took oil in jars along with their lamps. 5 The bridegroom was a long time in coming, and they all became drowsy and fell asleep.
6 "At midnight the cry rang out: 'Here's the bridegroom! Come out to meet him!'
7 "Then all the virgins woke up and trimmed their lamps. 8 The foolish ones said to the wise, 'Give us some of your oil; our lamps are going out.'
9 "'No,' they replied, 'there may not be enough for both us and you. Instead, go to those who sell oil and buy some for yourselves.'
10 "But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the bridegroom arrived. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. And the door was shut.
11 "Later the others also came. 'Sir! Sir!' they said. 'Open the door for us!'
12 "But he replied, 'I tell you the truth, I don't know you.' (Pr. 1:28; Zec. 7:13)
13 "Therefore keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour.
14 "Again, it will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted his property to them. 15 To one he gave five talents of money, to another two talents, and to another one talent, each according to his ability. Then he went on his journey. 16 The man who had received the five talents went at once and put his money to work and gained five more. 17 So also, the one with the two talents gained two more. 18 But the man who had received the one talent went off, dug a hole in the ground and hid his master's money.
19 "After a long time the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. 20 The man who had received the five talents brought the other five. 'Master,' he said, 'you entrusted me with five talents. See, I have gained five more.'
21 "His master replied, 'Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master's happiness!' (Ps. 62:12; Jer. 17:10; 32:19; Rv. 20:4, 11-13)
22 "The man with the two talents also came. 'Master,' he said, 'you entrusted me with two talents; see, I have gained two more.'
23 "His master replied, 'Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master's happiness!'
24 "Then the man who had received the one talent came. 'Master,' he said, 'I knew that you are a hard man, harvesting where you have not sown and gathering where you have not scattered seed. 25 So I was afraid and went out and hid your talent in the ground. See, here is what belongs to you.'
26 "His master replied, 'You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I have not sown and gather where I have not scattered seed? 27 Well then, you should have put my money on deposit with the bankers, so that when I returned I would have received it back with interest.
28 "'Take the talent from him and give it to the one who has the ten talents. 29 For everyone who has will be given more, and he will have an abundance. Whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken from him. 30 And throw that worthless servant outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.' (Mt. 13:41-42, 49-50; 1Co. 3:12-15; Rv. 21:8)
31 "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory. (Dan. 7:13-14) 32 All the nations will be gathered before him (1Sam. 2:10; Ps. 96:13; Mic. 4:3; Rv. 20:12-15), and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. (Eze. 20:37-38; 34:17, 20) 33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. (Mal. 3:17-18)
34 "Then the King will say to those on his right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world. 35 For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, 36 I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.' (Dt. 15:7-11)
37 "Then the righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink? 38 When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you? 39 When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?'
40 "The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.' (Pr. 14:31; 19:17)
41 "Then he will say to those on his left, 'Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. (Ps. 21:9; Isa. 66:24; Jud. 7; 2Pt. 2:4; Rv. 19:20; 20:10, 14-15) 42 For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, 43 I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.'
44 "They also will answer, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?'
45 "He will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.'
46 "Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life." (Dan. 12:2)
1 When Jesus had finished saying all these things, he said to his disciples, 2 "As you know, the Passover is two days away (Mon., Nisan 12) — and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified."
1 Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, called the Passover, was approaching, 3 then the chief priests and the elders of the people assembled in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, 4 and they plotted to arrest Jesus in some sly way and kill him. (Ps. 2:1-2; 31:13; 37:12, 32; 71:10; Jer. 11:19) 5 "But not during the Feast (Ps. 21:11; Pr. 19:21; 21:30; Isa. 46:10)," they said, "or there may be a riot among the people." 2 For they were afraid of the people.
3 Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve. 4 And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus 15 and asked, "What are you willing to give me if I hand him over to you?" 5 They were delighted and agreed to give him money. So they counted out for him thirty silver coins. (Ex. 21:32; Pr. 11:18; Zec. 11:12) 6 He consented, and watched for an opportunity to hand Jesus over to them when no crowd was present.
12 On the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, when it was customary to sacrifice the Passover lamb (twilight Tue., Nisan 13) (Lev. 23:5-6; Dt. 16:1-8), Jesus' disciples asked him, "Where do you want us to go and make preparations for you to eat the Passover?"
8 Jesus sent Peter and John, 13 two of his disciples, telling them, "Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him. 14 Say to the owner of the house he enters, 11 'The Teacher asks: 18 My appointed time is near. Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?' 15 He will show you a large upper room, furnished and ready. Make preparations for us there."
19 So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them and prepared the Passover.
13:1 It was just before the Passover Feast (Tue., Nisan 13). Jesus knew that the time had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now showed them the full extent of his love. 24 Also a dispute arose among them as to which of them was considered to be greatest.
17 When evening came (after sunset Tue., Nisan 14), Jesus arrived with the Twelve. 2 The evening meal was being served, and the devil had already prompted Judas Iscariot, son of Simon, to betray Jesus. 3 Jesus knew that the Father had put all things under his power, and that he had come from God and was returning to God; 4 so he got up from the meal, took off his outer clothing, and wrapped a towel around his waist. 5 After that, he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples' feet, drying them with the towel that was wrapped around him.
6 He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, "Lord, are you going to wash my feet?"
7 Jesus replied, "You do not realize now what I am doing, but later you will understand."
8 "No," said Peter, "you shall never wash my feet."
Jesus answered, Mk. "Unless I wash you, you have no part with me."
9 "Then, Lord," Simon Peter replied, "not just my feet but my hands and my head as well!"
10 Jesus answered, "A person who has had a bath needs only to wash his feet; his whole body is clean. And you are clean, though not every one of you." 11 For he knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said not every one was clean.
12 When he had finished washing their feet, he put on his clothes and returned to his place. "Do you understand what I have done for you?" he asked them. 25 "The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them; and those who exercise authority over them call themselves Benefactors. 26 But you are not to be like that. Instead, the greatest among you should be like the youngest, and the one who rules like the one who serves. 27 For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves. 13 You call me 'Teacher' and 'Lord,' and rightly so, for that is what I am. 14 Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another's feet. 15 I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you. 16 I tell you the truth, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. 17 Now that you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them. 28 You are those who have stood by me in my trials. 29 And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, 30 so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
18 "I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have chosen. But this is to fulfill the scripture: 'He who shares my bread has lifted up his heel against me.' (Ps. 41:9; 55:12-14; Jer. 12:6)
19 "I am telling you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe that I am He. (Isa. 44:7-8; 46:10-11; 48:5) 20 I tell you the truth, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me."
21 After he had said this, 18 while they were reclining at the table eating, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, "I tell you the truth, one of you is going to betray me — one who is eating with me."
22 His disciples stared at one another, 19 saddened, at a loss to know which of them he meant. 23 They began to question among themselves which of them it might be who would do this, and one by one they said to him, "Surely not I?"
23 One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him. 24 Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said, "Ask him which one he means."
25 Leaning back against Jesus, he asked him, "Lord, who is it?"
20 "It is one of the Twelve," 26 Jesus answered, "It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish. 21 The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. (Gen. 3:15; Ps. 22; 69; 40:7; Isa. 53; Dan. 9:26-27; Zec. 13:7) But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born." (Dt. 27:25; Ps. 109:6-19) Then, dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, son of Simon. 27 As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him.
25 Then Judas, the one who would betray him, said, "Surely not I, Rabbi?"
"Yes, it is you. What you are about to do, do quickly," Jesus told him, (Ps. 109:4-5) 28 but no one at the meal understood why Jesus said this to him. 29 Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the Feast, or to give something to the poor. 30 As soon as Judas had taken the bread, he went out. And it was night.
31 When he was gone, Jesus said, "Now is the Son of Man glorified and God is glorified in him. 32 If God is glorified in him, God will glorify the Son in himself, and will glorify him at once.
33 "My children, I will be with you only a little longer. You will look for me, and just as I told the Jews, so I tell you now: Where I am going, you cannot come.
34 "A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. 35 By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another."
14 When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles reclined at the table. 15 And he said to them, "I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God."
26 While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, "Take and eat; this is my body; 19 do this in remembrance of me."
20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, 23 gave thanks and offered it to them, and they all drank from it. 24 "This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many, 28 for the forgiveness of sins. 25 I tell you the truth, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it anew in the kingdom of God."
26 When they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
31 "Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift you as wheat. (Dan. 11:35) 32 But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, strengthen your brothers." 31 Then Jesus told them, "This very night you will all fall away on account of me, for it is written:
"'I will strike the shepherd,
and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.' (Zec. 13:7)
32 But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee."
36 Simon Peter asked him, "Lord, where are you going?"
Jesus replied, "Where I am going, you cannot follow now, but you will follow later."
37 Peter asked, "Lord, why can't I follow you now? 33 I am ready to go with you to prison and I will lay down my life for you."
38 Then Jesus answered, "Will you really lay down your life for me? I tell you the truth, before the rooster crows 30 twice (about 3 a.m.), you will disown me three times!
31 But Peter insisted emphatically, "Even if I have to die with you, I will never disown you." And all the others said the same.
35 Then Jesus asked them, "When I sent you without purse, bag or sandals, did you lack anything?"
"Nothing," they answered.
36 He said to them, "But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don't have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. 37 It is written: 'And he was numbered with the transgressors' (Isa. 53:9); and I tell you that this must be fulfilled in me. Yes, what is written about me is reaching its fulfillment." (Ps. 22; Isa. 52:14-53:12)
38 The disciples said, "See, Lord, here are two swords."
"That is enough," he replied.
1 "Do not let your hearts be troubled. Trust in God; trust also in me. 2 In my Father's house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am. 4 You know the way to the place where I am going."
5 Thomas said to him, "Lord, we don't know where you are going, so how can we know the way?"
6 Jesus answered, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 7 If you really knew me, you would know my Father as well. From now on, you do know him and have seen him."
8 Philip said, "Lord, show us the Father and that will be enough for us."
9 Jesus answered: "Don't you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, 'Show us the Father'? 10 Don't you believe that I am in the Father, and that the Father is in me? (Isa. 9:6; Jn. 1:1, 14; 2Co. 4:4; Php. 2:6; Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:3) The words I say to you are not just my own. Rather, it is the Father, living in me, who is doing his work. 11 Believe me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; or at least believe on the evidence of the miracles themselves. 12 I tell you the truth, anyone who has faith in me will do what I have been doing. He will do even greater things than these, because I am going to the Father. 13 And I will do whatever you ask in my name, so that the Son may bring glory to the Father. 14 You may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it.
15 "If you love me, you will obey what I command. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever— 17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. 18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. 19 Before long, the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. 20 On that day you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you. 21 Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him."
22 Then Judas (not Judas Iscariot) said, "But, Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world?"
23 Jesus replied, "If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. 24 He who does not love me will not obey my teaching. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me.
25 "All this I have spoken while still with you. 26 But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you. 27 Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. (Num. 6:26; Ps. 85:8)
28 "You heard me say, 'I am going away and I am coming back to you.' If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. 29 I have told you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe. 30 I will not speak with you much longer, for the prince of this world is coming. He has no hold on me, 31 but the world must learn that I love the Father and that I do exactly what my Father has commanded me. (Ps. 40:7)
"Come now; let us leave.
1 "I am the true vine (Ps. 80:8-11), and my Father is the gardener. 2 He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful. 3 You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you. 4 Remain in me, and I will remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me.
5 "I am the vine; you are the branches. If a man remains in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. 6 If anyone does not remain in me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned. 7 If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be given you. 8 This is to my Father's glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples.
9 "As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Now remain in my love. 10 If you obey my commands, you will remain in my love, just as I have obeyed my Father's commands and remain in his love. 11 I have told you this so that my joy may be in you and that your joy may be complete. 12 My command is this: Love each other as I have loved you. 13 Greater love has no one than this, that he lay down his life for his friends. 14 You are my friends if you do what I command. (Pr. 18:24) 15 I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master's business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you. 16 You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you to go and bear fruit — fruit that will last. Then the Father will give you whatever you ask in my name. 17 This is my command: Love each other.
18 "If the world hates you, keep in mind that it hated me first. (Isa. 66:5) 19 If you belonged to the world, it would love you as its own. As it is, you do not belong to the world, but I have chosen you out of the world. That is why the world hates you. 20 Remember the words I spoke to you: 'No servant is greater than his master.' If they persecuted me, they will persecute you also. If they obeyed my teaching, they will obey yours also. 21 They will treat you this way because of my name, for they do not know the One who sent me. 22 If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not be guilty of sin. (Eze. 2:5; 3:7) Now, however, they have no excuse for their sin. 23 He who hates me hates my Father as well. 24 If I had not done among them what no one else did, they would not be guilty of sin. But now they have seen these miracles, and yet they have hated both me and my Father. 25 But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: 'They hated me without reason.' (Ps. 69:4; 35:19; 109:3)
26 "When the Counselor comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father, he will testify about me. 27 And you also must testify, for you have been with me from the beginning.
1 "All this I have told you so that you will not go astray. 2 They will put you out of the synagogue; in fact, a time is coming when anyone who kills you will think he is offering a service to God. (Isa. 66:5; Rv. 6:9) 3 They will do such things because they have not known the Father or me. 4 I have told you this, so that when the time comes you will remember that I warned you. I did not tell you this at first because I was with you.
5 "Now I am going to him who sent me, yet none of you asks me, 'Where are you going?' 6 Because I have said these things, you are filled with grief. 7 But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. 8 When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: 9 in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; 10 in regard to righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer; 11 and in regard to judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned.
12 "I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. 14 He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you. 15 All that belongs to the Father is mine. That is why I said the Spirit will take from what is mine and make it known to you.
16 "In a little while you will see me no more, and then after a little while you will see me."
17 Some of his disciples said to one another, "What does he mean by saying, 'In a little while you will see me no more, and then after a little while you will see me,' and 'Because I am going to the Father'?" 18 They kept asking, "What does he mean by 'a little while'? We don't understand what he is saying."
19 Jesus saw that they wanted to ask him about this, so he said to them, "Are you asking one another what I meant when I said, 'In a little while you will see me no more, and then after a little while you will see me'? 20 I tell you the truth, you will weep and mourn while the world rejoices. You will grieve, but your grief will turn to joy. 21 A woman giving birth to a child has pain because her time has come; but when her baby is born she forgets the anguish because of her joy that a child is born into the world. (Isa. 13:8; 21:3; 26:16-19) 22 So with you: Now is your time of grief, but I will see you again and you will rejoice, and no one will take away your joy. (Jer. 31:12) 23 In that day you will no longer ask me anything. I tell you the truth, my Father will give you whatever you ask in my name. 24 Until now you have not asked for anything in my name. Ask and you will receive, and your joy will be complete.
25 "Though I have been speaking figuratively (Ps. 78:2; Eze. 20:49), a time is coming when I will no longer use this kind of language but will tell you plainly about my Father. 26 In that day you will ask in my name. I am not saying that I will ask the Father on your behalf. 27 No, the Father himself loves you because you have loved me and have believed that I came from God. 28 I came from the Father and entered the world; now I am leaving the world and going back to the Father."
29 Then Jesus' disciples said, "Now you are speaking clearly and without figures of speech. 30 Now we can see that you know all things and that you do not even need to have anyone ask you questions. This makes us believe that you came from God."
31 "You believe at last!" Jesus answered. 32 "But a time is coming, and has come, when you will be scattered, each to his own home. You will leave me all alone. Yet I am not alone, for my Father is with me.
33 "I have told you these things, so that in me you may have peace. In this world you will have trouble. But take heart! I have overcome the world."
1 After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed: "Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you. 2 For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him. 3 Now this is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent. 4 I have brought you glory on earth by completing the work you gave me to do. 5 And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began.
6 "I have revealed you to those whom you gave me out of the world. They were yours; you gave them to me and they have obeyed your word. 7 Now they know that everything you have given me comes from you. 8 For I gave them the words you gave me and they accepted them. They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. 9 I pray for them. I am not praying for the world, but for those you have given me, for they are yours. 10 All I have is yours, and all you have is mine. And glory has come to me through them. 11 I will remain in the world no longer, but they are still in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them by the power of your name — the name you gave me — so that they may be one as we are one. 12 While I was with them, I protected them and kept them safe by that name you gave me. None has been lost except the one doomed to destruction so that Scripture would be fulfilled.
13 "I am coming to you now, but I say these things while I am still in the world, so that they may have the full measure of my joy within them. 14 I have given them your word and the world has hated them, for they are not of the world any more than I am of the world. 15 My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one. 16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of it. 17 Sanctify them by the truth; your word is truth. 18 As you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world. 19 For them I sanctify myself, that they too may be truly sanctified.
20 "My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, 21 that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. (Jer. 32:39) May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. 22 I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one: 23 I in them and you in me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.
24 "Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world. 25 "Righteous Father, though the world does not know you, I know you, and they know that you have sent me. 26 I have made you known to them, and will continue to make you known in order that the love you have for me may be in them and that I myself may be in them."
1 When he had finished praying, 39 Jesus went out as usual and crossed the Kidron Valley to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him. On the other side there was an olive grove, 32 a place called Gethsemane, and he and his disciples went into it. 40 On reaching the place, he said to them, "Pray that you will not fall into temptation." 36 Then Jesus said to them, "Sit here while I go over there and pray." 37 He took Peter and 33 James and John, the two sons of Zebedee along with him, and he began to be deeply distressed and troubled. 38 Then he said to them, "My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me." (Ps. 55:4; 88:1-7)
41 He withdrew about a stone's throw beyond them, 39 fell with his face to the ground and prayed 35 that if possible the hour might pass from him. 36 "Abba, Father," he said, "everything is possible for you. 42 If you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done." (Ps. 40:7-8; Isa. 50:5) 43 An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. 44 And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.
37 Then he returned to his disciples and found them sleeping, 45 exhausted from sorrow. "Simon," he said to Peter, "are you asleep? Could you not keep watch for one hour? 38 Watch and pray so that you will not fall into temptation. The spirit is willing, but the body is weak."
42 He went away a second time and prayed, "My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to be taken away unless I drink it, may your will be done."
40 When he came back, he again found them sleeping, because their eyes were heavy. They did not know what to say to him. 44 So he left them and went away once more and prayed the third time, saying the same thing.
41 Returning the third time, he said to them, "Are you still sleeping and resting? Enough! The hour has come. Look, the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42 Rise! Let us go! Here comes my betrayer!" (Ps. 41:9; 55:12-14)
47 While he was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, arrived. 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples. 3 So Judas came to the grove, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and Pharisees 43 the teachers of the law, and the elders of the people. They were carrying torches, lanterns, and armed with swords and clubs.
4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, "Who is it you want?"
5 "Jesus of Nazareth," they replied.
"I Am he," Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.) 6 When Jesus said, "I Am he," they drew back and fell to the ground. (Isa. 45:23; Php. 2:10)
7 Again he asked them, "Who is it you want?"
And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth."
8 "I told you that I Am he," Jesus answered. "If you are looking for me, then let these men go."
9 This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: "I have not lost one of those you gave me." (Jn. 6:39)
44 Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: "The one I kiss is the man; arrest him and lead him away under guard." 49 Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, "Greetings, Rabbi!" and 47 he approached Jesus to kiss him, 48 but Jesus asked him, "Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss? (Ps. 2:12) 50 Friend, do what you came for." (Ps. 109:4-5) Then the men stepped forward, seized Jesus and arrested him.
49 When Jesus' followers saw what was going to happen, they said, "Lord, should we strike with our swords?" 10 Then Simon Peter, 51 one of Jesus' companions, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.)
11 Jesus commanded Peter, 51 "No more of this! Put your sword away! 52 For all who draw the sword will die by the sword. (Gen. 9:6; Ex. 21:12) Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me? (Isa. 53:10) 53 Do you think I cannot call on my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than twelve legions of angels? (2Ki. 6:17; Dan. 7:10) 54 But how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way?" (Ps. 57:6; 59:3-4; 62:4) And he touched the man's ear and healed him.
52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple guard, and the elders, who had come for him, "Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come with swords and clubs 48 to capture me? 49 Every day I was with you, teaching in the temple courts, and you did not 53 lay a hand on me. But this is your hour — when darkness reigns. 56 But this has all taken place that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled." (Gen. 3:15; Ps. 22; 69; Isa. 53; Dan. 9:26-27) Then all the disciples deserted him and fled. (Zec. 13:7) 51 A young man, wearing nothing but a linen garment, was following Jesus. When they seized him, 52 he fled naked, leaving his garment behind.
54 Then seizing him, 12 the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him, led him away and took him into the house of the high priest 13 and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14 Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it would be good if one man died for the people. (Jn.11:50)
15 Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus 58 at a distance, right up to the courtyard of the high priest. Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priest's courtyard, 16 but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the girl on duty there and brought Peter in. 17 "You are not one of his disciples, are you?" the girl at the door asked Peter.
He replied, "I am not."
18 It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a fire they 55 had kindled in the middle of the courtyard to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself 54 at the fire. 58 He sat down with the guards to see the outcome.
19 Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. (Ps. 17:3)
20 "I have spoken openly to the world," Jesus replied. "I always taught in synagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret. (Isa. 45:19) 21 Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said."
22 When Jesus said this, one of the officials nearby struck him in the face. "Is this the way you answer the high priest?" he demanded.
23 "If I said something wrong," Jesus replied, "testify as to what is wrong. But if I spoke the truth, why did you strike me?"
66 While 25 Simon Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant girls of the high priest came by. 67 When she saw Peter 56 in the firelight warming himself, she looked closely at him. "You also were with that Nazarene, 69 Jesus of Galilee," she said. "You are not one of his disciples, are you?"
70 But he denied it before them all. "I am not. 57 Woman, I don't know him, 68 or understand what you're talking about," he said.
71 Then he went out to the gateway, where another girl saw him and said 69 again to the people standing around, "This fellow was with Jesus of Nazareth.
72 He denied it again, with an oath: "Man, I am not! I don't know the man!" Peter replied.
59 About an hour later, 73 those standing there went up to Peter and said, "Surely you are one of them, for your Galilean accent gives you away." 26 One of the high priest's servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, challenged him, "Didn't I see you with him in the olive grove?"
27 Again Peter denied it, 71 he began to call down curses on himself, and he swore to them, "I don't know this man you're talking about."
72 Immediately the rooster crowed the second time. 61 The Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word the Lord had spoken to him: "Before the rooster crows twice today, you will disown me three times." (Mt. 26:34; Mk. 14:30; Lk. 22:34; Jn. 13:38) 62 And he went outside and wept bitterly.
24 Then Annas sent him, still bound, to Caiaphas the high priest, 57 where 53 all the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders had assembled.
59 The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for false evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death. 60 But they did not find any, though many false witnesses came forward 56 their statements did not agree. (Ps. 27:12; 35:11; 109:2; Isa. 50:8) Finally two came forward (Dt. 19:15; 1Ki. 21:10) 57 and gave this false testimony against him: 58 "We heard him say, 'I will destroy this man-made temple and in three days will build another, not made by man.'" (Ps. 56:5-6; 2Sam. 7:13; Zec. 6:12; Jn. 2:19-22) 59 Yet even then their testimony did not agree.
60 Then the high priest stood up before them and asked Jesus, "Are you not going to answer? What is this testimony that these men are bringing against you?" 61 But Jesus remained silent and gave no answer. (Isa. 53:7) Again 63 the high priest said to him, "I charge you under oath by the living God (Lev. 5:1): Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God." (Ps. 2:7; Pr. 30:4)
62 "I Am," 64 Jesus replied. "But I say to all of you: In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven." (Ps. 110:1; Isa. 52:13; Dan. 7:13; Rv. 1:7; 14:14)
65 Then the high priest tore his clothes (Lev. 10:6; 21:10) and said, "He has spoken blasphemy! Why do we need any more witnesses? Look, now you have heard the blasphemy. 66 What do you think?"
"He is worthy of death," they answered, 64 and all condemned him. (Lev. 24:16)
63 The men who were guarding Jesus began mocking and beating him. 64 They blindfolded him, 67 then they spit in his face (Isa. 50:6) and struck him with their fists. Others slapped him (Job 16:10; Lam. 3:30) 68 and said, "Prophesy to us, Christ. Who hit you?" 65 And they said many other insulting things to him. (Ps. 89:50-51)
66 At daybreak (about 4-5 a.m., Wed., Nisan 14) the council of the elders of the people, both the chief priests and teachers of the law, met together, and Jesus was led before them. 67 "If you are the Christ," they said, "tell us."
Jesus answered, "If I tell you, you will not believe me, 68 and if I asked you, you would not answer. 69 But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God." (Ps. 110:1)
70 They all asked, "Are you then the Son of God?" (Ps. 2:7)
He replied, "You are right in saying I Am."
71 Then they said, "Why do we need any more testimony? We have heard it from his own lips."
1 Very early in the morning (about 5 a.m.), 1 all the chief priests and the elders of the people, the teachers of the law and the whole Sanhedrin, came to the decision to put Jesus to death. (Ps. 94:21; Isa. 53:8, 10-12; Dan. 9:26; Mt. 20:18)
3 When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and the elders. 4 "I have sinned," he said, "for I have betrayed innocent blood." Isa. 50:8; 53:9)
"What is that to us?" they replied. "That's your responsibility."
5 So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself. (Dt. 27:25; Ps. 109:6-19; Mt. 26:24)
6 The chief priests picked up the coins and said, "It is against the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money." 7 So they decided to use the money to buy the potter's field as a burial place for foreigners. 8 That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to this day. 9 Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: "They took the thirty silver coins, the price set on him by the people of Israel, 10 and they used them to buy the potter's field, as the Lord commanded me." (Jer. 32:6-9; Zec. 11:12-13)
1 Then the whole assembly rose, 2 bound him, 28 led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor and handed him over to Pilate, the governor. (Mt. 20:19; Mk. 10:33) By now it was early morning (5 a.m., Wed., Nisan 14), and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness the Jews did not enter the palace; they wanted to be able to eat the Passover. 29 So Pilate came out to them and asked, "What charges are you bringing against this man?"
30 "If he were not a criminal," they replied, "we would not have handed him over to you."
31 Pilate said, "Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law."
"But we have no right to execute anyone," the Jews objected. 32 This happened so that the words Jesus had spoken indicating the kind of death he was going to die would be fulfilled. (Mt. 20:19; 26:2; Mk. 10:33-34; Lk. 18:32; 24:7; Jn. 3:14; 12:32-33)
2 And they began to accuse him, saying, "We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Christ, a king."
33 Pilate then went back inside the palace, summoned Jesus and asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?"
34 "Is that your own idea," Jesus asked, "or did others talk to you about me?"
35 "Am I a Jew?" Pilate replied. "It was your people and your chief priests who handed you over to me. What is it you have done?"
36 Jesus said, "My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom is from another place."
37 "You are a king, then!" said Pilate.
Jesus answered, "You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me." (Mal. 2:6)
38 "What is truth?" Pilate asked. With this he went out again to the Jews and 4 announced to the chief priests and the crowd, "I find no basis for a charge against this man." (Isa. 50:8; 53:9; Dan. 6:4-5)
12 When he was accused 3 of many things by the chief priests and the elders, he gave no answer. 13 Then Pilate asked him 4 again, "Aren't you going to answer? Don't you hear the testimony they are bringing against you?" 14 But Jesus 5 still made no reply, not even to a single charge — to the great amazement of the governor. (Ps. 38:12-14; Isa. 53:7; Jer. 11:19)
5 But they insisted, "He stirs up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He started in Galilee and has come all the way here."
6 On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean. 7 When he learned that Jesus was under Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.
8 When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long time he had been wanting to see him. From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see him perform some miracle. 9 He plied him with many questions, but Jesus gave him no answer. (Ps. 38:12-14; Isa. 53:7; Jer. 11:19) 10 The chief priests and the teachers of the law were standing there, vehemently accusing him. 11 Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. (Isa. 53:2-3; Ps. 89:50-51) Dressing him in an elegant robe, they sent him back to Pilate. 12 That day Herod and Pilate became friends — before this they had been enemies.
13 Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people, 14 and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him. 15 Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death. (Ps. 17:3; Isa. 50:8; 53:9; Dan. 6:4-5) 39 But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. 16 Therefore, I will punish him and then release him."
6 Now it was the 15 governor's custom at the Feast to release a prisoner whom the people requested. 16 At that time they had a notorious prisoner, called Barabbas. 19 (Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city, and for murder.) 17 So when the crowd had gathered, Pilate asked them, "Which one do you want me to release to you: Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?" 18 For he knew it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus over to him.
19 While Pilate was sitting on the judge's seat, his wife sent him this message: "Don't have anything to do with that innocent man, for I have suffered a great deal today in a dream because of him."
20 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas and to have Jesus executed.
21 "Which of the two do you want me to release to you?" asked the governor. "Do you want me to release 'the king of the Jews'?"
18 With one voice 40 they shouted back, "No, not him! Away with this man! Give us Barabbas!"
20 Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again. 12"What shall I do, then, with the one you call the king of the Jews?" Pilate asked them.
21 But they kept shouting, "Crucify him! Crucify him!"
22 For the third time he spoke to them: "Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him."
23 But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be crucified, and their shouts prevailed. (Isa. 49:7; 53:3) 24 So Pilate decided to grant their demand. 25 He released 15 Barabbas, who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for.
1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged. (2Sa. 7:14; Ps. 129:3; Isa. 50:6a: 53:5; Mt. 20:19) 27 Then the governor's soldiers took Jesus into 16 the palace (that is, the Praetorium) and gathered the whole company of soldiers around him. 2 The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns (Gen. 3:18) and put it on his head. 28 They stripped him and clothed him in a purple robe. 29 They put a staff in his right hand and knelt in front of him and mocked him, 3 again and again, saying, "Hail, king of the Jews!" 30 They spit on him, and took the staff and struck him on the head and in the face again and again. (Ps. 89:50-51; Isa. 50:6b; Lam. 3:1, 30; Mic. 5:1; Mk. 10:33-34; Lk. 18:32)
4 Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, "Look, I am bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him." 5 When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!" (Isa. 52:14; 53:2-3)
6 As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, "Crucify! Crucify!"
But Pilate answered, "You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him."
7 The Jews insisted, "We have a law, and according to that law he must die, because he claimed to be the Son of God." (Lev. 24:16)
8 When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid, 9 and he went back inside the palace. "Where do you come from?" he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10 "Do you refuse to speak to me?" Pilate said. "Don't you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?"
11 Jesus answered, "You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above. (Ex. 9:16; Dan. 5:21; Mt. 26:53; Jn. 10:18; Ac. 4:28; Ro. 13:1) Therefore the one who handed me over to you (Mt. 27:1; Mk. 14:44; Jn. 11:49-53) is guilty of a greater sin." (Lk. 12:47-48; Jn. 9:39-41; 15:22-25; Jas. 4:17)
12 From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jews kept shouting, "If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar."
13 When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge's seat at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic is Gabbatha). 14 It was the day of Preparation of Passover Week (Wed., Nisan 14), about the sixth hour (about 6 a.m.—Roman time). "Here is your king," Pilate said to the Jews.
15 But they shouted, "Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!"
"Shall I crucify your king?" Pilate asked.
"We have no king but Caesar," the chief priests answered. (Isa. 49:7; 53:3)
24 When Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere, but that instead an uproar was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd. "I am innocent of this man's blood," he said. "It is your responsibility!" (Dt. 21:6-7; Ps. 27:6; Jer. 2:35)
25 All the people answered, "Let his blood be on us and on our children!" (Num. 35:33; 2Sa. 1:16; 70 A.D.)
16 Finally Pilate 25 surrendered Jesus to their will 15 and handed him over to them to be crucified. (Gen. 3:15; Isa. 53:5, 8) So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. 31 They took off the 20 purple robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify him.
17 Carrying his own cross (Gen. 22:6), he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). (Lev. 4:21; 16:27; Heb. 13:11-12) 32 As they were going out, they 26 seized a man from Cyrene, named Simon, 21 the father of Alexander and Rufus, who was passing by on his way in from the country, put the cross on him and forced him to carry the cross behind Jesus.
27 A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed for him. 28 Jesus turned and said to them, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For the time will come when you will say, 'Blessed are the barren women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!' (Lev. 26:27-29; Dt. 28:53-57; Lam. 2:11-12) 30 Then "'they will say to the mountains, "Fall on us!" and to the hills, "Cover us!"' (Hos. 10:8; Isa. 2:19; Rv. 6:16) 31 For if men do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"
19 Pilate had a 26 written notice of the charge against him prepared and fastened to the cross 37 above his head. It read: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. (Gen. 49:10; Ps. 2:6; 89:27; Isa. 9:6-7; Jer. 23:5-6) 20 Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. 21 The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, "Do not write 'The King of the Jews,' but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews."
22 Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."
25 It was the third hour (9 a.m.—Jewish time) when they crucified him. (Gen. 3:15; Ps. 22:16) 32 Two other men, both 38 robbers, were also led out with him to be executed. 33 When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him, along with the criminals — one on his right, the other on his left 18 and Jesus in the middle. 28 And the scripture was fulfilled which says, "He was counted with the lawless ones" (Isa. 53:12; Jer. 48:27) 36 They offered 34 Jesus wine vinegar mixed with gall 23 (myrrh) (Ps. 69:21); but after tasting it, he refused to drink it. 36 And sitting down, they kept watch over him there. (Ps. 22:16-17)
23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.
24 "Let's not tear it," they said to one another. "Let's decide by lot who will get it."
This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said,
"They divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing." (Ps. 22:18)
So this is what the soldiers did, 24 they cast lots to see what each would get.
34 Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing." (Isa. 53:12; Mt. 5:44; 12:32; Lk. 6:27-28; 1Co. 2:8)
35 The people stood watching. 39 Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads (Ps. 22:6-7, 17; 109:25; Lam. 1:12) 40 and saying, "You who are going to destroy the temple and build it in three days (Jn. 2:19-22), save yourself! Come down from the cross, if you are the Son of God!" (Ps. 2:7)
41 In the same way the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders mocked him 31 among themselves 35 and the rulers even sneered at him. (Ps. 22:12-13; 69:7, 12, 19; Isa. 53:3) 42 "He saved others," (Isa. 52:15; 53:4-5, 8, 10-12; Dan. 9:24) they said, "but he can't save himself! 32 Let this Christ, this King of Israel, (if he is the Christ of God, the Chosen One) come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe. 43 He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, 'I am the Son of God.'" (Ps. 22:8; Pr. 30:4)
36 The soldiers also came up and mocked him (Ps. 22:16; 89:50-51) 37 and said, "If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself."
44 In the same way, 39 one of the robbers who hung there hurled insults at him: "Aren't you the Christ? Save yourself and us!" (Ps. 35:15-16; Jer. 20:7)
40 But the other criminal rebuked him. "Don't you fear God," he said, "since you are under the same sentence? 41 We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong." (Job 12:4; Isa. 53:9)
42 Then he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom."
43 Jesus answered him, "I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise." (Ps. 22:24, 29)
44 It was now about the sixth hour (Noon—Jewish time), and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour (3 p.m.—Jewish time), 45 for the sun stopped shining. (Ps. 88:18; Isa. 50:3; Am. 8:9)
25 Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother (Lk. 2:35), 40 Salome his mother's sister 56 and the mother of Zebedee's sons, Mary the wife of Clopas and the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, "Dear woman, here is your son," 27 and to the disciple, "Here is your mother." From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.
28 Later, 46 about the ninth hour (3 p.m.—Jewish time) (Ex. 12:6; Dt. 16:6) Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?"-which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" (Ps. 22:1; Isa. 53:4)
47 When some of those standing near heard this, they said, "He's calling Elijah." (Mal. 4:5)
Knowing that all was now completed, and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, "I am thirsty." (Ps. 22:14-15; 69:3) 29 A jar of wine vinegar was there, so 48 immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus' lips. (Ps. 69:21) 49 The rest said, "Now leave him alone. Let's see if Elijah comes to save him."
30 When he had received the drink, Jesus 50 cried out again in a loud voice, "It is finished. 46 Father, into your hands I commit my spirit." (Ps. 31:5) With that, he bowed his head and 37 breathed his last.
51 At that moment the curtain of the temple (Ex. 26:31-33; Lev. 16:2); was torn in two from top to bottom. (Isa. 25:7; Heb. 9:8; 10:19-20) The earth shook and the rocks split. (Jdg. 5:4-5; 2Sa. 22:8) 52 The tombs broke open and the bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life. (Isa. 26:19; Dan. 12:2; Hos. 13:14) 53 They came out of the tombs, and after Jesus' resurrection they went into the holy city and appeared to many people.
54 When the centurion, 39 who stood there in front of Jesus, and those with him who were guarding Jesus (Isa. 11:10; 42:6; 49:6; Zec. 8:20-22; Jn. 12:32), heard his cry and saw how he died, the earthquake and all that had happened, they were terrified, and 47 praised God exclaiming, "Surely this righteous man was the Son of God!" (Ps. 2:7; Pr. 30:4)
48 When all the people who had gathered to witness this sight saw what took place, they beat their breasts and went away. 49 But all those who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee 55 to care for his needs, stood at a distance, watching these things. (Ps. 38:11; 88:18) 41 Many other women who had come up with him to Jerusalem were also there.
31 Now it was the day of Preparation (Wed., Nisan 14), and the next day (Thu., Nisan 15) was to be a special Sabbath. .(1st Day of Festival of Unleavened Bread-Ex. 12:16) Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down. (Dt. 21:22-23) 32 The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. 33 But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear (Ps. 22:16; Isa. 53:5), bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. (Ps. 22:14; 69:20) 35 The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe. 36 These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: "Not one of his bones will be broken," (Ps. 34:20; Ex. 12:46; Nu. 9:12) 37 and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced." (Zec. 12:10; Rv. 1:7)
42 So as evening approached, Joseph 57 a rich man 51 from the Judean town of Arimathea, went boldly to Pilate and asked for Jesus' body. 38 Now Joseph, 43 a prominent member of the Council, 50 a good and upright man, 51 who had not consented to their decision and action, and was waiting for the kingdom of God, was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jews. 44 Pilate was surprised to hear that he was already dead. Summoning the centurion, he asked him if Jesus had already died. 45 When he learned from the centurion that it was so, 58 Pilate ordered that it be given to Joseph. With Pilate's permission, he came and took the body away. 39 He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. (Jn. 3:1-21) Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds. 46 So Joseph bought some 59 clean linen cloth. 40 Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. 41 At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden 60 his [Joseph’s] own new tomb (Isa. 53:9) that he had cut out of the rock, in which no one had ever been laid. (Ps. 16:10) 42 Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation (Wed., Nisan 14) and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there. He [Joseph] rolled a big stone in front of the entrance to the tomb and went away. 61 Mary Magdalene and the other Mary, 47 the mother of Joses, 55 who had come with Jesus from Galilee, followed Joseph and saw the tomb where he was laid and how his body was laid in it, [as they] were sitting there opposite the tomb.
62 The next day (after sunset Wed., now Nisan 15), the one after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate. 63 "Sir," they said, "we remember that while he was still alive that deceiver said, 'After three days I will rise again.' (Ps. 16:10; Jnh. 1:17; 2:6; Mt. 12:39-40; 16:4, 21; 17:9, 23; 20:19; Mk. 8:31; 10:34; Lk. 9:22; 18:33; Jn. 2:19, 22) 64 So give the order for the tomb to be made secure until the third day. Otherwise, his disciples may come and steal the body and tell the people that he has been raised from the dead. This last deception will be worse than the first."
65 "Take a guard," Pilate answered. "Go, make the tomb as secure as you know how." 66 So they went and made the tomb secure by putting a seal on the stone and posting the guard. (Dan. 6:17)
1 When the Sabbath [Thu., Nisan 15] (Ex. 12:16) was over [Fri., Nisan 16], Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices so that they might go to anoint Jesus' body. 56 Then they went home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath [Sat., Nisan 17] in obedience to the commandment. (Ex. 20:8-11)
1 After the Sabbaths [Thu., Nisan 15 & Sat., Nisan 17], 2 very early on the first day of the week [Sun., Nisan 18], just after sunrise 1 while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary 1 took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb. They were on their way to the tomb 3 and they asked each other, "Who will roll the stone away from the entrance of the tomb?"
2 There was a violent earthquake, for an angel of the Lord came down from heaven and, going to the tomb, rolled back the stone and sat on it. 3 His appearance was like lightning, and his clothes were white as snow. 4 The guards were so afraid of him that they shook and became like dead men.
[The women] went to the tomb, 4 but when they looked up, they saw that the stone, which was very large, had been rolled away from the entrance. 3 But when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. 5 They saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed. 4 While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightning stood beside them. 5 In their fright the women bowed down with their faces to the ground, 5 the angel said to the women, "Do not be afraid, for I know that you are looking for Jesus 6 the Nazarene, who was crucified. Why do you look for the living among the dead? 6 He is not here; he has risen, just as he said. Come and see the place where he lay. 7 Then go quickly and tell his disciples 7 and Peter, 'He has risen from the dead and is going ahead of you into Galilee. (Mt. 26:32; Mk. 14:28) There you will see him, just as he told you. 6 Remember how he told you, while he was still with you in Galilee: 7 'The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, be crucified and on the third day be raised again.'" 8 Then they remembered his words. (Mt. 12:39-40; 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; Mk. 9:31; 10:33-34; Lk. 9:22; 18:32-33; Jn. 2:19-22)
8 Trembling and bewildered, the women went out and fled from the tomb. They said nothing to anyone, because they were afraid 8 yet filled with joy, and ran to tell his disciples. 9 When they came back from the tomb, they told all these things to the Eleven and to all the others. 10 It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the others with them who told this to the apostles. 11 But they did not believe the women, because their words seemed to them like nonsense. 2 So Mary Magdalene came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said, "They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don't know where they have put him!"
3 So Peter and the other disciple 12 got up and ran to the tomb. 4 Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5 He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter, who was behind him, arrived and went into the tomb. Bending over, he saw the strips of linen lying by themselves, 7 as well as the burial cloth that had been around Jesus' head. The cloth was folded up by itself, separate from the linen. And he went away, wondering to himself what had happened. 8 Finally the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went inside. He saw and believed. 9 (They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.) 10 Then the disciples went back to their homes.
9 When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had driven seven demons. 11 Mary stood outside the tomb crying. As she wept, she bent over to look into the tomb 12 and saw two angels in white, seated where Jesus' body had been, one at the head and the other at the foot.
13 They asked her, "Woman, why are you crying?"
"They have taken my Lord away," she said, "and I don't know where they have put him."
9 Suddenly Jesus met them. 14 At this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, but she did not realize that it was Jesus.
15 "Woman," he said, "why are you crying? Who is it you are looking for?"
Thinking he was the gardener, she said, "Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will get him."
16 Jesus said to her, "Mary."
She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, "Rabboni!" (which means Teacher).
"Greetings," he said. They came to him, clasped his feet and worshiped him. 17 Jesus said, "Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father.” 10 Then Jesus said to them, "Do not be afraid. Go instead and tell my brothers to go to Galilee; there they will see me. (Mt. 26:32; Mk. 14:28) And tell them, 'I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.'"
18 Mary Magdalene went to the disciples 10 who had been with him and who were mourning and weeping and told the news: "I have seen the Lord!" And she told them that he had said these things to her. 11 When they heard that Jesus was alive and that she had seen him, they did not believe it.
11 While the women were on their way, some of the guards went into the city and reported to the chief priests everything that had happened. 12 When the chief priests had met with the elders and devised a plan, they gave the soldiers a large sum of money, 13 telling them, "You are to say, 'His disciples came during the night and stole him away while we were asleep.' 14 If this report gets to the governor, we will satisfy him and keep you out of trouble." 15 So the soldiers took the money and did as they were instructed. And this story has been widely circulated among the Jews to this very day.
12 Afterward Jesus appeared in a different form to two of them while they were walking in the country. 13 Now that same day [Sun., Nisan 18] two of them were going to a village called Emmaus, about seven miles from Jerusalem. 14 They were talking with each other about everything that had happened. 15 As they talked and discussed these things with each other, Jesus himself came up and walked along with them; 16 but they were kept from recognizing him.
17 He asked them, "What are you discussing together as you walk along?"
They stood still, their faces downcast. 18 One of them, named Cleopas, asked him, "Are you only a visitor to Jerusalem and do not know the things that have happened there in these days?"
19 "What things?" he asked.
"About Jesus of Nazareth," they replied. "He was a prophet, powerful in word and deed before God and all the people. 20 The chief priests and our rulers handed him over to be sentenced to death, and they crucified him; 21 but we had hoped that he was the one who was going to redeem Israel. And what is more, it is the third day since all this took place. [Sun., Nisan 18] 22 In addition, some of our women amazed us. They went to the tomb early this morning 23 but didn't find his body. They came and told us that they had seen a vision of angels, who said he was alive. 24 Then some of our companions went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said, but him they did not see."
25 He said to them, "How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26 Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?" 27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. (Gen. 3:15; Ps. 22; 69; Isa. 53; Dan. 9:24-26)
28 As they approached the village to which they were going, Jesus acted as if he were going farther. 29 But they urged him strongly, "Stay with us, for it is nearly evening; the day is almost over." So he went in to stay with them.
30 When he was at the table with them, he took bread, gave thanks, broke it and began to give it to them. 31 Then their eyes were opened and they recognized him, and he disappeared from their sight. 32 They asked each other, "Were not our hearts burning within us while he talked with us on the road and opened the Scriptures to us?"
33 They got up and returned at once to Jerusalem. There they found the Eleven and those with them, assembled together 34 and saying, "It is true! The Lord has risen and has appeared to Simon." 35 Then the two told what had happened on the way, and how Jesus was recognized by them when he broke the bread, 13 but they did not believe them either.
36 While they were still talking about this, 19 on the evening of that first day of the week, when the 14 Eleven disciples were eating together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus himself stood among them and said to them, "Peace be with you."
37 They were startled and frightened, thinking they saw a ghost. He rebuked them for their lack of faith and their stubborn refusal to believe those who had seen him after he had risen. 38 He said to them, "Why are you troubled, and why do doubts rise in your minds? 39 Look at my hands and my feet. It is I myself! Touch me and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have."
40 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and feet 20 and side. The disciples were overjoyed when they saw the Lord. 41 And while they still did not believe it because of joy and amazement, he asked them, "Do you have anything here to eat?" 42 They gave him a piece of broiled fish, 43 and he took it and ate it in their presence.
44 He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms."
45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. 46 He told them, "This is what is written: The Christ will suffer (Gen. 3:15; Ps. 22; 69; Isa. 50:6; 53:2-12; Dan. 9:26) and rise from the dead (Ps. 16:10) on the third day (Jnh. 1:17), 47 and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations (Isa. 49:6), beginning at Jerusalem. (Isa. 2:3; Joel 2:32; Mic. 4:2; Zec. 8:22; Ac. 1:8) 48 You are witnesses of these things. 49 I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high."
21 Again Jesus said, "Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you." 22 And with that he breathed on them and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit. 23 If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven."
24 Now Thomas (called Didymus), one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples told him, "We have seen the Lord!"
But he said to them, "Unless I see the nail marks in his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe it."
26 A week later [Sun., Nisan 25] his disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, "Peace be with you!" 27 Then he said to Thomas, "Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe."
28 Thomas said to him, "My Lord and my God!"
29 Then Jesus told him, "Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed."
30 Jesus did many other miraculous signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. 31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
16 Then the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go. 17 When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted. 18 Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."
21:1 Afterward Jesus appeared again to his disciples, by the Sea of Tiberias. It happened this way: 2 Simon Peter, Thomas (called Didymus), Nathanael from Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together. 3 "I'm going out to fish," Simon Peter told them, and they said, "We'll go with you." So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing.
4 Early in the morning, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not realize that it was Jesus.
5 He called out to them, "Friends, haven't you any fish?"
"No," they answered.
6 He said, "Throw your net on the right side of the boat and you will find some." When they did, they were unable to haul the net in because of the large number of fish.
7 Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, "It is the Lord!" As soon as Simon Peter heard him say, "It is the Lord," he wrapped his outer garment around him (for he had taken it off) and jumped into the water. 8 The other disciples followed in the boat, towing the net full of fish, for they were not far from shore, about a hundred yards. 9 When they landed, they saw a fire of burning coals there with fish on it, and some bread.
10 Jesus said to them, "Bring some of the fish you have just caught."
11 Simon Peter climbed aboard and dragged the net ashore. It was full of large fish, 153, but even with so many the net was not torn. 12 Jesus said to them, "Come and have breakfast." None of the disciples dared ask him, "Who are you?" They knew it was the Lord. 13 Jesus came, took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. 14 This was now the third time Jesus appeared to his disciples after he was raised from the dead.
15 When they had finished eating, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon son of John, do you truly love me more than these?"
"Yes, Lord," he said, "you know that I love you."
Jesus said, "Feed my lambs."
16 Again Jesus said, "Simon son of John, do you truly love me?"
He answered, "Yes, Lord, you know that I love you."
Jesus said, "Take care of my sheep."
17 The third time he said to him, "Simon son of John, do you love me?"
Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, "Do you love me?" He said, "Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you."
Jesus said, "Feed my sheep. 18 I tell you the truth, when you were younger you dressed yourself and went where you wanted; but when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go." 19 Jesus said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Then he said to him, "Follow me!"
20 Peter turned and saw that the disciple whom Jesus loved was following them. (This was the one who had leaned back against Jesus at the supper and had said, "Lord, who is going to betray you?") 21 When Peter saw him, he asked, "Lord, what about him?"
22 Jesus answered, "If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you? You must follow me." 23 Because of this, the rumor spread among the brothers that this disciple would not die. But Jesus did not say that he would not die; he only said, "If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you?"
24 This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down. We know that his testimony is true.
25 Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.
1:1 In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach 2 until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen. 3 After his suffering, he showed himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God. 4 On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: "Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. 5 For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit."
6 So when they met together, they asked him, "Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?"
7 He said to them: "It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth. 15 Go into all the world and preach the good news to all creation. 16 Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned. 17 And these signs will accompany those who believe: In my name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues; 18 they will pick up snakes with their hands; and when they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt them at all; they will place their hands on sick people, and they will get well."
50 When he had led them out to the vicinity of Bethany, he lifted up his hands and blessed them. 51 While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up into heaven 9 before their very eyes, 19 and he sat at the right hand of God and a cloud hid him from their sight.
10 They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. 11 "Men of Galilee," they said, "why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven."
52 Then they worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem 12 from the hill called the Mount of Olives, a Sabbath day's walk from the city, with great joy. 13 When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Judas son of James. 14 They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers. 53 And they stayed continually at the temple, praising God. 20 Then the disciples went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked with them and confirmed his word by the signs that accompanied it.